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APA 7th Edition Style Guide

Correctly cite and reference resources in APA (7th Edition) Style..

Referencing - Books / E-Books

Book or E-Book - Single Author

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Book title: Capitalise the first letter after colon [Italicise]. Publisher. DOI or URL (if available)

Loh, C. E. (2017). The space and practice of reading: A case study of reading and social class in Singapore. Routledge.

Blackburn, K. (2017). Education, industrialization and the end of empire in Singapore. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315564043


World Health Organization. (2017). Handbook for the use of digital technologies to support tuberculosis medication adherence

  • If the author and publisher are both the same organisation, e.g. World Health Organization, omit the publisher.

 

Book or E-Book - Two Authors

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication)Book title: Capitalise the first letter after colon [Italicise]PublisherDOI or URL

Blackburn, K., & Wu, Z. L. (2019). Decolonizing the History curriculum in Malaysia and Singapore. Routledge.

Silver, R. E., Hu, G., & Iino, M. (2002). English language education in China, Japan, and Singapore. National Institute of Education. https://repository.nie.edu.sg/bitstream/10497/16120/1/EnglishLanguageEducation_a.pdf

 

Book or E-Book - Three or More Authors

Author, A. A., Author B. B., & Author, C. C(Year of publication)Book title: Capitalise the first letter after colon [Italicise]PublisherDOI or URL

O'Toole, J., Stinson, M., & Moore, T. (2009). Drama and curriculum: A giant at the door. Springer.

 

Book or E-Book - With Editor(s) and No Author(s)

Editor, A. A., Editor, B. B., & Editor, C. C. (Ed.). (Year of publication)Book title: Capitalise the first letter after colon [Italicise]PublisherDOI or URL

Leonard, W. R., & Crawford, M. H. (Ed.). (2002). Human biology of pastoral populations. Cambridge University Press.

  • If you are citing an authored book chapter from a book with editors, click on the "Book Chapter - (Books / E-Books)" tab above.
  • Use this format only when a book has only editors but no authors
  • Contributors listed in the book or chapter(s) are not authors as their roles do not pass the threshold of what is typically required for author/co-authorship  

Basic format for print books and ebooks​

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year of publication). Chapter title: Capitalise first letter after colon. In E. E. Editor & F. F. Editor (Eds.)Book title: Capitalise first letter after colon [Italicise] (edition, Volume, page number). Publisher. DOI or URL (when available)

Arzami Salim. (2009). Oral presentation and assessment: The assessor’s role in questioning. In A. D. Pillai & M. Ellis (Eds.), Project work: Exploring processes, practices and strategies (pp. 161–165). Prentice Hall.


Goh, J. W. P., Hairon, S., & Lim, S. Q. W. (2019). Understanding distributed leadership practices in the cultural context of Singapore schools. In S. Hairon & J. W. P. Goh (Eds.), Perspectives on school leadership in Asia Pacific context (pp. 11-30). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9160-7


Fang, Y., Lee, C. K.-E., & Thalha, S. (2009). Lesson study in mathematics: Three cases from Singapore. In K. Y. Wong, P. Y. Lee, B. Kaur, P. Y. Foong, & S. F. Ng (Eds.), Series on mathematics education: Vol. 2. Mathematics education: The Singapore journey (pp. 104– 129). World Scientific.