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APA 7th Edition Style Guide

Correctly cite and reference resources in APA (7th Edition) Style..

Research Reports

ERIC Document

Author, A. A, Author B. B, & Author, C. C(Year of publication)Document title: Capitalise the first letter after colon [Italicise]. (ERIC document number). ERIC. URL

Kandemir, Anil. (2017). Singapore education system & PISA. (ED594805). ERIC. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED594805.pdf

Finch, W. H. & Marchant, G. J. (2017). Beating the odds: Trees to success in different countries. (ED581700). ERIC. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED581700.pdf

  • ERIC document can be identified by the format of the number, which starts with ED.
  • This format is to be used for works of limited circulation only.
  • If you are referencing works of wider circulation, use the appropriate format for the source type instead (e.g. journal articles found under the Periodicals section).

Research Report - Individual Authors

Author, A. A, Author B. B, & Author, C. C(Year of publication)Report title: Capitalise the first letter after colon [Italicise] (Report number). Organisation name. URL

Mukhlis Abu Bakar & Pang, E. (2015). Learning to be biliterate in English and Malay using dual language books (Project Closure Report [OER 45/12 MM]). National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University. http://hdl.handle.net/10497/21991

 

Research Report - Organisations or Working Group

Name of organisation or working group(Year of publication)Report title: Capitalise the first letter after colon [Italicise] (Report number). Organisation name. URL

Global Education Monitoring Report Team. (2016). Education for people and planet: Creating sustainable futures for all (Global Education Monitoring Report, 2016). United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000245752.locale=en

Doctoral Dissertation or Master's Thesis - Retrieved from University Archive/Repository

Author, A. A(Year of publication)Dissertation Title: Capitalise the first letter after colon [Italicise] [Doctoral dissertation/Master's thesisName of institution awarding the degree]. Name of database, archive or repository. URL (not applicable for databases).

Tan, T. T. M. (2019). Developing scientific literacy through design-based inquiry laboratory activities [Doctoral dissertation, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University]. NIE Digital Repository. http://hdl.handle.net/10497/21295

Wong, J. H. K. (2020). Exploring the information seeking behaviour of university students in Singapore : perceived self-efficacy, exhibited competency and complexity of search strategies in the retrieval of information [Master's thesis, Nanyang Technological University]. DR-NTU. https://hdl.handle.net/10356/141789

  • Dissertations retrieved from university repositories such as NIE Digital Repository or NTU's DR-NTU are considered to be published.

 

Doctoral Dissertation or Master's Thesis - Retrieved from Database

Author, A. A(Year of publication)Dissertation Title: Capitalise the first letter after colon [Italicise] [Doctoral dissertation/Master's thesisName of institution awarding the degree]. Name of database. 

Morse, A. R. (2020). Barriers to inclusive education: A qualitative case study among inclusive elementary teachers in the general education classroom [Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global

 

Doctoral Dissertation or Master's Thesis - Print Copy Retrieved from the Library

Author, A. A(Year of publication)Dissertation Title: Capitalise the first letter after colon [Italicise] [Unpublished doctoral dissertation/master's thesis]. Name of institution awarding the degree.

Tay-Lim, J. K. H. (2008). Preschool children’s perceptions of peer rejection experiences [Unpublished master’s thesis]. National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University.

  • If a doctoral dissertation or master's thesis is only available in the print format, it is considered to be an unpublished work.